Noni tree belongs to the coffee family. Its scientific name is Morinda citrifolia L.. It grows in many provinces in the south of Vietnam. In recent years, Noni has been known for many good health effects, so it has been cultivated for medicinal purposes. Some parts of the North have grown noni so this plant is quite popular with everyone.
Noni is used to treat constipation, urinary incontinence, menstruation, fever, cough, asthma, immune booster, increase body resistance.
Characteristics of the noni seeds
Noni fruit contains a large number of reddish brown, very hard seeds. Their size is close to that of apple seeds. Noni seeds are vertical, medium-sized, ovoid to obovoid or reniform; wings absent. Noni seeds have been used to make an essential oil.
Noni flowers and fruits year-round. The fruits are traditionally harvested when they start turning white, or when they have turned fully soft and become characteristically odorous. Seeds are collected from plants which appear healthy.
Undoubtedly, ancient Polynesians dug seeds out of the fruit by hand or with sharpened objects; howeve. Once the noni fruit is fully ripe (which can take 3–5 days), the fruit is pressed against a screen or fabric with holes slightly smaller that the seeds. The flesh is removed from the seeds as they are rubbed against the screen. The pulp is then rinsed off and the seeds are ready to be used.
Seeds remain viable even after floating in water for months. Germination is high for fresh seeds, often over 90%. However, seeds can germinate even when thrown on the ground and left unattended.
Noni seeds were roasted and ingested to help cleanse the body.
Noni seeds were used to make fetid liquid which was rubbed into hair as an insecticide or insect repellent. The same liquid could have been applied to soothe irritated skin.
The seeds of the noni fruit are especially rich in linoleic acid, which is absorbed easily through the skin. Research has shown that linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid, is a powerful ally in skin hydration and health.
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