Bitter Melon (Momordica charantia), commonly referred to as bitter gourd, karela, and balsam pear, is widely used as a vegetable in Bangladesh and several other countries in Asia, the Amazon, East Africa, and the Caribbean. The food looks like a bumpy cucumber and has a pungent taste.
Bitter melon nutrition facts vary slightly based on the part of the plant that you use. One ounce (28 grams) of the raw leafy tips provides about 8 calories. One ounce of the pods provides just under 5 calories.
Even though bitter melon calories are very low, keep in mind that the nutrition changes if you add other ingredients (such as oil) to prepare it.
Carbs in Bitter Melon
Most of the calories in bitter melon come from carbohydrate, but since the calories are very low, the carbs in bitter melon are also low. One entire bitter melon (about 124 grams) is likely to provide about 4.5 grams of carbohydrate, most of which is fiber (3.5 grams), according to USDA data.
Fats in Bitter Melon
There is very little fat in bitter melon. One entire bitter melon contains less than a single gram of fat.
Protein in Bitter Melon
Bitter melon is not a good source of protein. There is just over 1 gram of protein in a single bitter melon. Micronutrients in Bitter Melon Micronutrients in the vegetable again vary based on the part of the vegetable that you eat. If you consume the pods, you'll benefit from vitamins including vitamin A, vitamin C, and folate. Minerals in the pods include calcium, potassium, iron magnesium, sodium, zinc, and selenium. If you consume the leafy tips, you'll consume the same micronutrients in slightly higher amounts.
Bitter melon is not a good source of any micronutrients except for vitamin C.